A standard homeowners insurance policy includes four essential types of coverage. They include:
1. The structure of your house
This part of your policy pays to repair or rebuild your home if it is damaged or
destroyed by fire, hurricane, hail, lightning or other disaster listed in your policy.
It will not pay for damage caused by a flood, earthquake or routine wear and tear.
When purchasing coverage for the structure of your home, it is important to buy enough
to rebuild your home.
Most standard policies also cover structures that are detached from your home such as a garage, tool shed or gazebo. Generally, these structures are covered for about 10% of the amount of insurance you have on the structure of your home. If you need more coverage, talk to your insurance agent about purchasing more insurance.
2. Your personal belongings
Your furniture, clothes, sports equipment and other personal items are covered if
they are stolen or destroyed by fire, hurricane or other insured disaster. Most companies
provide coverage for 50% to 70% of the amount of insurance you have on the structure
of your home. So if you have $100,000 worth of insurance on the structure of your
home, you would have between $50,000 to $70,000 worth of coverage for your belongings.
The best way to determine if this is enough coverage is to conduct a home inventory.
This part of your policy includes off-
Expensive items like jewelry, furs and silverware are covered, but there are usually dollar limits if they are stolen. Generally, you are covered for between $1,000 to $2,000 for all of your jewelry and furs. To insure these items to their full value, purchase a special personal property endorsement or floater and insure the item for it's appraised value. Coverage includes “accidental disappearance,” meaning coverage if you simply lose that item. And there is no deductible.
Trees, plants and shrubs are also covered under standard homeowners insurance. Generally you are covered for 5% of the insurance on the house—up to about $500 per item. Perils covered are theft, fire, lightning, explosion, vandalism, riot and even falling aircraft. They are not covered for damage by wind or disease.
3. Liability protection
Liability covers you against lawsuits for bodily injury or property damage that you
or family members cause to other people. It also pays for damage caused by your pets.
So, if your son, daughter or dog accidentally ruins your neighbor’s expensive rug,
you are covered. However, if they destroy your rug, you are not covered.
The liability portion of your policy pays for both the cost of defending you in court and any court awards—up to the limit of your policy. You are also covered not just in your home, but anywhere in the world.
Liability limits generally start at about $100,000. However, experts recommend that you purchase at least $300,000 worth of protection. Some people feel more comfortable with even more coverage. You can purchase an umbrella or excess liability policy which provides broader coverage, including claims against you for libel and slander, as well as higher liability limits. Generally, umbrella policies cost between $200 to $350 for $1 million of additional liability protection.
Your policy also provides no-
4. Additional living expenses
This pays the additional costs of living away from home if you can't live there due
to damage from a fire, storm or other insured disaster. It covers hotel bills, restaurant
meals and other living expenses incurred while your home is being rebuilt. Coverage
for additional living expenses differs from company to company. Many policies provide
coverage for about 20% of the insurance on your house. You can increase this coverage,
however, for an additional premium. Some companies sell a policy that provides an
unlimited amount of loss-
If you rent out part of your house, this coverage also reimburses you for the rent that you would have collected from your tenant if your home had not been destroyed.
Homeowners insurance provides financial protection against disasters. A standard
policy insures the home itself and the things you keep in it.
Homeowners insurance is a package policy. This means that it covers both damage to your property and your liability or legal responsibility for any injuries and property damage you or members of your family cause to other people. This includes damage caused by household pets.
Damage caused by most disasters is covered but there are exceptions. The most significant are damage caused by floods, earthquakes and poor maintenance. You must buy two separate policies for flood and earthquake coverage. Maintenance-
If you have purchased a condo or co-
You will need two separate policies to protect your investment:
To adequately insure your apartment, it is important to know which structural parts of your home are covered by the condo/co-
Sometimes the association is responsible for insuring the individual condo or co-
In other situations, the condo/co-
Also ask your insurance professional about the following additional coverages:
When purchasing insurance, it is important to find an agent or company that specializes in condominiums or co-
Source for all Articles:
The Insurance Information Institute www.iii.org
Insurance & Employee Benefits